Key COVID-19 Facts and Vulnerable Group Advisory

Did you know that 3 out of every 5 Nigerians who die from COVID-19 are more than 50 years old?

Vulnerable people include:

  • Persons aged 50 and older
  • Anyone with critical underlying medical conditions such as diabetes, cancer, lung disease, liver disease, moderate to severe asthma etc.
  • Anyone who have been assessed as vulnerable, based on clinical assessment

We need to take precautions to protect people listed as vulnerable by wearing a face mask in public, practicing hand/respiratory hygiene & maintaining a physical distance of 2 metres from others.

They are at higher risk of complications from COVID-19 infections. Outlined in a 4 page document by NCDC on safety precautions and how to stay protected around vulnerable people/loved ones. Read document here.

A few key facts to note:

  • What is known is that of all the people that contract the virus, the majority will have mild to moderate symptoms and recover after a period of isolation.
  • There are people who have no evident symptoms of the virus such as cough, fever, and difficulty in breathing. They are either pre-symptomatic (symptoms of the virus have not yet developed, but they can start transmitting the virus 24 to 48 hours before they start showing symptoms) or asymptomatic (they will not develop symptoms but can still the transmit the virus).
  • Transmission of the virus can occur through indirect contact, from surfaces in the immediate environment or frequently touched objects an infected person may have come in contact with.
  • Asymptomatic people are also less likely to be diagnosed with COVID-19, as they will not meet the standard case definition for testing, hampering efforts being made to limit the transmission of the virus.

As many asymptomatic people do not feel “ill”, when they are tested and diagnosed with COVID-19, they may question their diagnosis or resist being put into an isolation centre. However, this is necessary if the Nigeria government is to effectively control the spread of the virus.

As a society, we have a role to play and should #TakeResponsibility in protecting ourselves from contracting COVID-19 as well as encouraging others to do the same. Vulnerable persons can also stay protected by ensuring they avoid non-essential outings and visitors as well as practice the necessary public health preventive measures. Read the country’s epidemiology report here.

Read also: Third Mainland Bridge Closure – Alternative Routes You Should Know

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