We’ll discuss climate change from the Agricultural perspective. The impacts of Climate Change In Nigeria.
Increase in temperature, variable rainfall, and a rise in sea level mark a few of the evidential factors of Nigeria’s climate change.
Nigeria has experienced a significant rise in temperature especially since the 1980’s, and we are going to focus how this quick changing climate affects, and will affect the country. Then we will share one key point to help mitigate climate change.
Did you know that over 70% of Nigeria’s population is engaged in agriculture as a primary occupation or means of livelihood?
Most of Nigeria’s agricultural produce depends highly on rain (precipitation) for adequate growth, however, with a rapidly changing climate, it is difficult for farmers and those in the agribusiness niche to easily plan their operations with the seasons.
At opposing ends of Nigeria, different issues with global warming arise. One at the Northern region, where fears of desertification persist due to a rise in temperature in the region; while the other is at the Southern region, where fears of over-flooding and submersion of lands persist due to a rise in precipitation.
These climate change issues that pervade arguably the most important agricultural regions of the country contribute to low agricultural productivity.
What Methods Can and Should Be Adopted To Slow Down Clmate Change?
- Our farmers will need to adopt new technologies like crop diversification, the usage of drought tolerant and early maturing variety of crops and crop cover that will help change and improve crop production.
- In addition, agricultural extension services are essential to improving agricultural productivity by providing farmers with useful farming and weather related information and skills training that can enhance their productivity. The current irregularity of extension services in Nigeria is a constraint to agricultural adaptation.
- Shifting Cultivation, which involves the farmer cultivating a plot of land and then leaving the land fallow for it to regenerate its natural resources over time before returning to cultivate on it again.
The more contact farmers have with agricultural extension solutions like adaptive technology and innovation, the better their productivity, and overall efficacy in resource managementand profitability.
It is important to note however, that the dire need for agricultural extension services has not been matched with the right capacity for extension professionals. A lot of training and education will be vital in this aspect.
Tree planting/reforestation: More than 70 percent of the people living in rural areas in Nigeria use fuel wood, which has been a key contributor to deforestation. However, reforestation is only about 10 percent of the deforestation rate. There is an urgent need for more aggressive tree planting.
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