The Coronavirus are a group of viruses that cause diseases in mammals, including humans, and birds. In humans, the virus causes respiratory infections which are typically mild but, in rare cases, can be lethal.
Common human coronaviruses, including types 229E, NL63, OC43, and HKU1, usually cause mild to moderate upper-respiratory tract illnesses, like the common cold. Most people get infected with these viruses at some point in their lives. These illnesses usually only last for a short amount of time. Symptoms may include
- Runny nose
- Sore throat
- A general feeling of being unwell
Human coronaviruses can sometimes cause lower-respiratory tract illnesses, such as pneumonia or bronchitis. This is more common in people with cardiopulmonary disease, people with weakened immune systems, infants, and older adults.
There are major types of human coronaviruses:
- Human Coronavirus 229E, NL63, OC43, and HKU1
- SARS-CoV Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
- Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
- Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), also known as Wuhan pneumonia or Wuhan coronavirus.
The Wuhan coronavirus is the virus causing the 2019–20 Wuhan coronavirus outbreak with suspected cases first reported to WHO on 31 December 2019.
Wuhan has been placed under quarantine, in which all public transport in and out has been suspended.
What Are The Symptoms?
- Dry cough
- Shortness of breath
- Respiratory distress
- Kidney failure
- And in severe cases, death.
Concerns have been raised because the virus doesn’t match any other known virus, therefore, it’s uncertain to be clear on how it affects people and what treatment to give.
How Can The Coronavirus Be Treated Or Prevented?
Concerns have been raised because the virus doesn’t match any other known virus, therefore, it’s uncertain to be clear on how it affects people and what treatment or vaccines to give.
No specific treatment is currently available, but existing anti-virals are being studied.
However, endeavour to do the following:
- Wash hands with soap and water
- Don’t touch your nose, mouth or eyes with unwashed hands.
- Cover your mouth and nose properly with handkerchief or tissue paper when sneezing and/or coughing.
- You may also cough into your elbow if a handkerchief is not available.
- Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.
- Avoid self-medication, report to the nearest health facility when you experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms.
Confirmed Cases in Countries
The following countries have at least one confirmed case of the coronavirus:
As at January 27 > 4,473 cases have been confirmed, 63 recoveries have been made, and there have been 107 total cases of death.
Nigeria is currently coordinating a multi-sectoral technical group that would assess and manage the risk of the virus’ importation to the country. The NCDC is in close communication with the World Health Organisation (WHO) which is closely monitoring the situation globally.
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